Unit 2 lớp 12 Language Focus | Doanhnhan.edu.vn

1. Pronunciation Language Focus Unit 2 Lớp 12

The pronunciation of -ed (Cách phát âm đuôi -ed)

  • Có 3 cách phát âm đuôi -ed của động từ có quy tắc ở thì quá khứ: /d/, /t/, /ɪd/
    • /d/ sau các phụ âm hữu thanh (voiced consonants): /b/, /g/, /m/, /n/, /l/, /v/, /z/, /ð/, /ʒ/, /ʤ/, /ŋ/ và các nguyên âm a, e, o, i, u
    • /t/ sau các phụ âm vô thanh (voiceless consonants): /θ/, /p/, /f/, /s/, /ʃ /, /ʧ/, /k/
    • /ɪd/ sau /t/, /d/
  • Ví dụ minh họa
    • ​/d/: lived, played, rained, determined,…
    • /t/: looked, stopped, missed, laughed,…
    • /ɪd/: wanted, decided,…

2. Grammar Language Focus Unit 2 Lớp 12

Review of tenses (Ôn tập các thì)

BẢNG HỆ THỐNG CÔNG THỨC CÁC THÌ TIẾNG ANH

Tenses (Các thì) Forms (Công thức) Signal words (Nhận biêt)

Present simple

(Hiện tại đơn)

  • S + V(s/es) + O
  • S + do/does+ not + V
  • Do/Does + S + V…?

Every day/week/month/year/time, 

Adverb of frequency

(always, usually, often,…)

Present continous

(Hiện tại tiếp diễn)

  • S + is/am/are + V-ing
  • S+am/is/are + not + V-ing
  • Is/Am/Are+S+ V-ing…?

Now, At the moment, At the present

At this time,…

Present perfect

(Hiện tại hoàn thành)

  • S+have/has+V-ed(III)
  • S+ have/has + not + V-ed(III)
  • Have/Has + S + V-ed(III)?

for, since, recently, so far, several time, 

never, ever, yet….

Future simple

(Tương lai đơn)

  • S + will + V(bare infinitive)
  • S + will + not + V(bare infinitive)
  • Will + S + V(bare infinitive)?

tomorrow, next day/week/month/year

in the future

Near future

(Tương lai gần)

  • S + is/am/are + going to + V
  • S + is/am/are + not + going to + V
  • Is/Am/Are + going to + V?

tomorrow, next day/week/month/year

in the future

Past simple

(Quá khứ đơn)

  • S + V-ed(II) + O
  • S + did + not + V(bare infinitive)
  • Did + S + V(bare infinitive)?
yesterday, last week/month/year, ago,..

Past continuous

(Quá khứ tiếp diễn)

  • S + was/were + V-ing
  • S + was/were + not + V-ing
  • Was/Were + S + V-ing?

2p.m yesterday, …

(Thời gian cụ thể trong quá khứ)

Past perfect

(Quá khứ hoàn thành)

  • S + had + V-ed(III)
  • S + had + not + V-ed(III)
  • Had + S + V-ed(III)?
By the time + time in the past, several time…
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3. Exercise Language Focus Unit 2 Lớp 12

3.1. Exercise 1 Laguage Focus Unit 2 Lớp 12

Complete the following conversations with the correct form of the verbs in the box. (Hoàn thành những đoạn hội thoại sau với hình thức đúng của động từ trong khung)

see           drink          write           cook

 

1. A: ……………..you………………..The Titanic yet?

    B: Yes, I have. I…………….it last night. Why?

    A: I……………..it next Friday.

2. A: Who……………….all the soda?

    B: Not me. I…………any soda at all since  last week. I …………….water all week. It’s much healthier.

3. A: Susan…………….a lot of books lately.

    B: ……………..she……………….Wildest Dreams?

    A: Yes, she did. She……………….that one about five years ago.

4. A: You……………for hours. When are we eating dinner?

    B: I’ve just finished. I……………something special for you. It’s called “Ants on the tree”.

    A: Gross!

    B: Actually, I……………it for you many times before. It’s just meatballs with rice noodles.

Guide to answer

  1. Have….seen/saw/am going to see
  2. drank/have not drunk/drank
  3. has written/Did…write/wrote
  4. have been cooking/cooked/wrote

3.2. Exercise 2 Language Focus Unit 2 Lớp 12

Circle the letter (A, B, C, D) to complete the passage (Khoanh tròn vào chữ cái A, B, C, D để hoàn thành đoạn văn)

Rosemary Dare is a wildlife photographer. She (1) _____  inUganda for many years. She (2)_________________ elephants for twenty years.She (3)____________ thousands of pictures since the 1980s. Last year, she(4)                      an international prize for nature photography. She (5)__________  many prizes over the years. Recently, Ms Dare (6)___________ interested in rhinos. She (7)____________them for the last few months. I am sure we (8)_________________ some interesting photos soon.

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1.     A. lives                   B. will live                C. has been living           D. doesn’t live

2.     A. has been photographing         B. photographs                      C. is photographing          D. was photographing

3.     A. is taking             B. will take             C. has taken                    D. takes

4.     A. won                   B. is winning          C. has won                      D. has been winning

5.     A. won                   B. is winning          C. has won                      D. wins

6.     A. has become       B. becomes           C. will become                  D. become

7.     A. tracks                B. will track            C. has been tracking        D. tracking

8.      A. will see              B. saw                   C. have been seeing         D. have seen

Guide to answer

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
C A C A C A C A

3.3. Exercise 3 Language Focus Unit 2 Lớp 12

Complete the following letter with the correct form of verbs in brackets. (Hoàn thành bức thư với dạng đúng của động từ trong ngoặc.)

Dear Mr. Jones,

I am writing this letter to complain about the noise from Apartment 3C.I (1.move)…………. into Apartment 2C on November 1. Since I (2.move)…………in, my upstairs neighbours have their stereo loudly every night. I (3.ask) …………them to  turn it down several time. But they (4.not stop) …….. the noise yet. I am a student and I (5.study)………. Every night. I (6.fail)………..my final exam next month unless this noise stops. I would be grateful if you (7.can talk) …………to my neighbours and ask them to turn down their stereo after 10.00 p.m. 

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Sincerely,
Jony

Guide to answer

  1. moved
  2. moved
  3. have asked
  4. have not stopped
  5. study
  6. will fail
  7. could talk

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